Transdermal Gels (Miscellaneous)

Recent advances in postoperative pain management.
Yale J Biol Med. 2010 Mar;83(1):11-25.

Ketamine:  an introduction for the pain and palliative medicine physician
Pain Physician. 2007 May;10(3):493-500.

Ketamine as an analgesic:  parenteral, oral, rectal, subcutaneous, transdermal and intranasal administration
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother. 2002;16(3):27-35.

Topical ketamine treatment of postherpetic neuralgia
Neurology. 2003 Apr 22;60(8):1391-2.

Transdermal ketamine as an adjuvant for postoperative analgesia after abdominal gynecological surgery using lidocaine epidural blockade
Anesth Analg. 2000 Dec;91(6):1479-82.

Mechanisms and treatment of neuropathic pain
Cent Nerv Syst Agents Med Chem. 2009 Mar;9(1):71-8.

Topical ketamine and morphine for post-tonsillectomy pain
Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2008 Apr;25(4):287-92. Epub 2008 Jan 11.

Topical amitriptyline and ketamine in neuropathic pain syndromes:  an open-label study
J Pain. 2005 Oct;6(10):644-9.

Topical ketamine gel:  possible role in treating neuropathic pain
Pain Med. 2000 Mar;1(1):97-100

Topical ketamine in the treatment of mucositis pain
Pain Med. 2003 Sep;4(3):298-303.

Itra-articular absorption and distribution of ketoprofen after topical (transdermal) plaster application and oral intake in 100 patients undergoing knee arthroscopy
Rheumatology (Oxford). 1999 Jun;38(6):564-7.
Study on the absorption of ketoprofen topical (transdermal)ly administered in man: comparison between tissue and plasma levels
Int J Clin Pharmacol Res. 1986;6(1):69-72.
Efficacy of transdermal ketoprofen for delayed onset muscle soreness
Clin J Sport Med. 2003 Jul;13(4):200-8.
An open, randomized study of ketoprofen in patients in surgery for Achilles or patellar tendinopathy
J Rheumatol. 1997 Aug;24(8):1595-8.
Topical diclofenac and its role in pain and inflammation: an evidence-based review
Curr Med Res Opin. 2008 Apr;24(4):925-50. Epub 2008 Feb 14.
The effectiveness of topical diclofenac for lateral epicondylitis
Clin J Sport Med. 1998 Apr;8(2):78-81.
Transdermal delivery of an analgesic agent using elastic liposomes: preparation, characterization and performance evaluation
Curr Drug Deliv. 2005 Jul;2(3):223-33.
Controlled systemic delivery of indomethacin using membrane-moderated, cream formulation-based transdermal devices
Drug Deliv. 2006 May-Jun;13(3):207-13.
Lecithin organogels as a potential phospholipid-structured system for topical drug delivery: a review.
AAPS PharmSciTech. 2005 Oct 6;6(2):E298-310.
Lecithin organogels as matrix for the transdermal transport of drugs.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Jun 28;177(3):897-900.
Assessing the economic impact of adverse drug effects.
Pharmacoeconomics. 2003;21(9):623-50.
Adverse gastrointestinal effects of NSAIDs: consequences and costs
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2001 Oct;15(5):739-53.
Longterm efficacy of topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in knee osteoarthritis: metaanalysis of randomized placebo controlled clinical trials.
J Rheumatol. 2006 Sep;33(9):1841-4.
Quantitative systematic review of topically applied non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
BMJ. 1998 Jan 31;316(7128):333-8.
Topical NSAIDs for chronic musculoskeletal pain: systematic review and meta-analysis
Musculoskelet Disord 2004; 5:28

Topical therapy for osteoarthritis: clinical and pharmacologic perspectives
Postgrad Med. 2009 Mar;121(2):139-47.
Efficacy and safety of a topical diclofenac solution in the treatment of primary osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, double-blind, vehicle controlled clinical trial
Arch Intern Med. 2004 Oct 11;164(18):2017-23.
A multiple-dose, open-label, safety, compliance, and usage evaluation study of epicutaneously applied Diractin (ketoprofen in Transfersome) in joint/musculoskeletal pain or soft tissue inflammation
Curr Drug Saf. 2009 Jan;4(1):5-10.
Topical gabapentin in the treatment of localized and generalized vulvodynia
Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Sep;112(3):579-85.
A clinical comparison of topical piroxicam and EMLA cream in pain relief and inflammation in laser hair removal
Lasers Med Sci. 2009 Jul;24(4):535-8. Epub 2008 Aug 21.
Topical or oral ibuprofen for chronic knee pain in older people. The TOIB study
Health Technol Assess. 2008 May;12(22):iii-iv, ix-155.
Use of topical medication in orofacial neuropathic pain: a retrospective study
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008 Apr;105(4):466-9.
Effective use of topical amitriptyline hydrochloride 2.5% and ketamine hydrochloride 0.5% for analgesia in refractory proctodynia
J Drugs Dermatol. 2008 Sep;7(9):887-9
Analgesic synergy between topical opioids and topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the mouse model of thermal pain
Eur J Pharmacol. 2008 Jan 28;579(1-3):126-33. Epub 2007 Oct 16.
Topical diclofenac and its role in pain and inflammation: an evidence-based review
Curr Med Res Opin. 2008 Apr;24(4):925-50. Epub 2008 Feb 14
Topical treatments for pain
Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2004 Aug;8(4):261-7.
The use of topical opioids to relieve pressure ulcer pain
Nurs Stand. 2005 Jul 20-26;19(45):90-2
Recent advances in the pharmacological management of pain
Drugs. 2007;67(15):2121-33.
Transdermal delivery of piroxicam using microemulsions
Arch Pharm Res. 2005 Feb;28(2):243-8.
A clinical evaluation of flurbiprofen LAT and piroxicam gel: a multicentre study in general practice
Clin Rheumatol. 1996 May;15(3):243-7
Piroxicam 0.5% topical gel compared to placebo in the treatment of acute soft tissue injuries: a double-blind study comparing efficacy and safety
Clin Invest Med. 1991 Feb;14(1):35-43.
Topical ketoprofen patch
Drugs R D. 2005;6(6):337-44.
Ketoprofen 2.5% gel versus placebo gel in the treatment of acute soft tissue injuries
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1993 Nov;31(11):561-3.
Percutaneous treatment of acute soft tissue lesions with naproxen gel and ketoprofen gel
J Int Med Res. 1990 Sep-Oct;18(5):372-8.
Quantitative and selective evaluation of differential sensory nerve block after transdermal lidocaine
Anesth Analg. 2004 Jan;98(1):248-51, table of contents.